Inventory of Good Practices based on the ISRD-2
Two basic questions were focused on in our research. We were interested infindingout on one hand the extent,to which emotional bonding influences the occurrence of deviancies; and the quality of effect the different characteristic features –risk taking, selfishness, impulsivity –have on children’s and young people’s behaviour on the other hand. Most important conclusion of the research was that those risk seeking children and youth, who arebonded to theircompany of friends,are the most exposed to the risk of offending. Their bonds and attitudes are strongly determined by the weak parental control, the lack of marking out the limits and the lack of good relationship with parents. It also became obvious that school and parental bonds are equally relevant by the age groupin focus, however school bond has a primary significance in respect of violence. Children strongly bonded to their school and finding there appropriate programmes and supportive atmosphere not only abstain from aggression but absolutely reject all manifestations of violence even throughtheir attitudes.
Findings of the research showed as well, that there are no significant differences between the three Central Eastern European countries regarding bonding structures and attitudes. Slight alterations may give ground to draw conclusions on national particularities (e.g. residential area has a more serious influence on Czech and Estonian children and youth than on their Hungarian peers), but it is indisputable that problematic hubs are the same in all of the three countries.In accordance with the above, it is clear that crime prevention programmes shall target those children and youth, who spend their days involved in “troublesome” companies of friends. Another –andmostimportant –finding of the research from a crime prevention point of view is that the role of schools, though their situation is often described as critical within the society of the 21st century, shall not be underestimated. In children’s lives, it is ofdetermining importance where, with whom and in what sort of atmosphere they spend most part of their days and whether, in addition to parental care and support,they have any chance of feeling good at and being able to bond to their schools.