Romanian policy on trafficking in human beings
The anti-trafficking activity carried out by ANITP seeks to cover a wide range of phenomenon(sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, begging) and attracting new partners, the element of unity and coherence being the focus of the message on the risks and implications associated with trafficking in human beings.In this respect, prevention campaigns mainly aim at raising public awareness of trafficking in human beings, as well as direct interaction with target groups by providing the population with the information necessary to avoid dangerous situations, as well as useful recommendations for trafficking and exploitation already took place. Equally, ANITP's efforts are aimed at deterring and reducing demand that favors human trafficking.Trafficking prevention campaigns are and will be tailored both to the local and regional specificities of trafficking and to various types of exploitation, always taking into account the specificities of the target groups, the recipients of the anti-trafficking message (vulnerable categories, the general public, people entering / contact with victims / potential victims of trafficking in human beings, etc.).The anti-trafficking messages related to the preventive actions of A.N.I.T.P. are sent on the occasion of direct meetings with the representatives of the target groups, but also through the most used channels / means of communication and promotion (campaign materials, theater, film, audiovisual media, print and online, social networks, etc.)
HelpLine 0800 800 678 is also an important means of informing about trafficking in human beings, especially with regard to working conditions abroad, employment contracts, the role of recruitment agencies, transport to destination countries, aspects of avoiding and leaving traffic situations.In 2017 the results of the National Strategy 2012-2016 were analyzed by the specialists of the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons and also we elaborated the draft of a new strategy for the period 2018-2022.The anti-trafficking strategy of 2018-2022 is based on the findings of the analysis of the way and the extent to whichthe activities set out in the National Strategy against Trafficking in Human Beings for the period 2012-2016 are being carried out, as well as the difficulties encountered during the implementation period.The new national strategy aims to reduce the impact and size of human trafficking at national level by prioritizing and streamlining activities in the fight against it.The analysis of the preventive activities carried out during the period 2012-2016, the specificity of the phenomenon of trafficking inhuman beings, as well as the current trends of this form of crime, call for the continuation of the public policies for prevention of trafficking in human beings previously addressed, anti-trafficking efforts in Romania.With regard to the protection, assistance and social reintegration of victims of trafficking in human beings, the analysis of the system of assistance and protection of victims of trafficking in human beings, especially public centers, has been the subject of a systemic analysis aiming at highlighting the strengths and the weak ones, both in terms of the organizational dimension but especially the ability to respond to the needs of victim reintegration into social life.This analysis was a necessity of planning and introducing a substantial / consistent change, adapted to reality, with the active involvement of practitioners. The conclusions and recommendations of the evaluation confirmed and completed the existing data on assistance to victims of trafficking in human beings, respectively, contributed to the definition of the current situation and the need for intervention, as well as the orientation of the specific actions.Without losing sight of the obstacles, delays, difficulties or failures, it is increasingly evident that the success stories recorded in the field of anti-trafficking have been possible as a result of how the actors involved have agreed to bring into force the formal and informal cooperation between the responsible structures, at national and international level.Thus, in the current external context, the emergence of a growing number of new and complex threats to the internal security of the EU and implicitly of Romania, the migration crisis, terrorism, the evolution of the radicalization forms and the instability at regional level, aspects that increase the number of risk situations involving Romanian citizens living in the territory of the most important countries for trafficking in human beings, it is necessary to ensure a high level of knowledge and understandingof the conditions and premises for which these states become attractive, as well as the consolidation of the bilateral cooperation of Romania with different states as well as within the mechanisms and regional and European cooperation formats.Internally, the strong partnership between public institutions, trade unions, employers and non-governmental organizations remains the main pillar of the unitary deployment, coordination and evaluation of activities to prevent and combat the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings.