Slovakian Policy on Robbery

Within the meaning of the Slovak Criminal Act the criminal act of robbery, the characteristics of which are referred to in section 188, is considered to have taken place if the offender used force or threatened immediate use of force for the purpose of taking possession of an item of somebody elses property without the offender benefiting from proprietary ownership even for a short time.

This legal interpretation is supported also by Judgment No. 2/1980 – resolution of the Supreme Court of ČSR of April 12, 1979 file No. 11 To 17/79, in which it is stated: „It is sufficient for a criminal act of robbery pursuant to section 234 par. 1 of the Criminal Act (as amended by the Act No. 140/1961 Coll.) to have taken place if there is the use of violence or threat of immediate use of violence against somebody with the intention of taking possession of an item of somebody elses property. But if the intention of the offender led him to cause considerable damage in seeking to take possession of somebody elses item of property but with the consequence that no such possession came about, his act demonstrates only the characteristics of attempt to commit the criminal act of robbery pursuant to section 8 par. 1, section 234 par. 1, 2 letter b) of Criminal Code (as amended by the Act No. 140/1961 Coll.)“.

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