Recommendation paper: How online fraud works and how to prevent it

recommendation paper

Online fraud continues to be a prominent issue in Europe and will remain so for the foreseeable future. Fortunately, a lot of information is available about how (online) fraud works and how these scams can be prevented.
If we want to design effective crime prevention initiatives, using the available intelligence is key. This paper puts forward some general concepts and tools to do precisely this. 
Several tools that can be implemented in crime prevention initiatives can also serve as a source of inspiration when building new projects or can be implemented within existing ones. Online fraud is characterised by a high degree of flexibility on the part of the offenders, enabling them to adapt to changing circumstances. The information in this paper allows you to develop scientifically backed responses to them in kind.

Read the paper


ECPA 2022

The European Crime Prevention Award (ECPA) and Best Practice Conference (BPC) took place on 8 and 9 December 2022. The theme was working with a particularly vulnerable crime victim. More info

ECPA winners

Discover the winners:





New Toolbox - High-risk victim groups: Preventing repeat and secondary victimisation

Two papers make up the EUCPN toolbox on High-risk victim groups: Preventing repeat and secondary victimisation.

  • This first paper provides a theoretical overview combined with practical information and examples on the topic of repeat- and secondary victimisation. The first chapter examines which groups of people can be considered as high-risk victim groups due to their personal susceptibility characteristics. The second chapter discusses how the victim-centred approach as well as multi-agency cooperation can play a role in preventing secondary victimisation. The final chapter focuses on breaking the cycle of repeat victimisation by encouraging victims’ reporting behaviours, referring them successfully to other support services and assisting them during a potential court trial. It is important to acknowledge that this toolbox focuses on the prevention of repeat and secondary victimisation from the victim's perspective, without placing any blame or responsibility with the victims themselves. Despite this paper’s focus, it is equally important to focus on tackling perpetrators who commit crimes in order to prevent victimisation.
  • The second paper provides an overview of the participants of the 2022 European Crime Prevention Award.

This toolbox was written in the light of the Czech Presidency of the EUCPN.
Published: December 2022.


European Crime Prevention Conference

The European Crime Prevention Conference is EUCPN's biennial conference and offers a forum to share knowledge and experiences regarding crime prevention across the European Union. It welcomes policymakers, practitioners and academics, but maintains a consistent focus on the front line. The main topic of 2022 was partnership approaches in crime prevention, the conference took place on 28 and 29 April 2022 in Brussels. You can download the presentations here.


Winners of the European Crime Prevention Award

The European Crime Prevention Award (ECPA) and Best Practice Conference (BPC) took place on 8 and 9 December 2021. The theme was bullying and violence among minors (both online and offline). Press release of the Slovenian Presidency.


Gold medal

Ask for help

Provides various art, pedagogical and educational tools that help to discuss bullying and to address
mental health issues in combination with attitude formation.


silver medal

Safety skills education

Prevents sexual crimes against minors by enhancing children’s skills to define and protect their boundaries.



bronze medal

 Czech Republic

Through the use of an online trust box, victims and bystanders can anonymously raise their concerns regarding problematic interactions at school.


 Our anniversary

20th anniversary

It is a special year for EUCPN 
as we celebrate our 20th anniversary on 28 May 2021. Learn more about what we do.


Crime prevention - a European definition

The EUCPN defines crime prevention as:

Ethically acceptable and evidence-based activities aimed at reducing the risk of crime occurring and its harmful consequences with the ultimate goal of working towards the improvement of the quality of life and safety of individuals, groups and communities

The paper covers this definition in depth, offering information on the different aspects within our understanding of crime prevention.


Working Agreement with CEPOL 

EUCPN Chair Ivo Jakić
EUCPN Chair Ivo Jakić

On 23 June we have signed a Working Agreement with CEPOL (European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training) to strengthen our cooperation. The Agreement allows participation of the EUCPN Secretariat in CEPOL training sessions and CEPOL staff in EUCPN activities and enhances the dissemination of crime prevention initiatives and research.

The document was signed by CEPOL’s Executive Director, Dr.h.c Detlef Schröder and the current Chair of EUCPN, Mr. Ivo Jakić. Commenting on the signing of the Working Agreement, Executive Director of CEPOL, Dr.h.c Detlef Schröder stated:

CEPOL and EUCPN have worked together for several years in promoting crime prevention knowledge and practices among the law enforcement communities of EU Member States. I welcome the formalisation of this cooperation, which strengthens the important work both parties carry out and provides a good opportunity to emphasise the importance of common trainings for law enforcement officials to raise awareness and increase knowledge of international and European co-operation instruments and mechanisms. (Source)